Types of Contraceptive-What Contraception is Right For Me?

Types of Contraceptive-What Contraception is Right For Me?

Most types of contraceptives are not against sexually transmitted infections (STI). Male condom is the only form of contraceptive that protects along with STI as well as prevention of pregnancy.

Therefore, if you are using other types of contraception like contraceptive pill, you should use condoms to protect themselves to get STI.

What should you think about the best contraceptive.

Types of Contraceptive

1.Condom (Male and Female)

Condom barrier is a form of contraceptive. Prevent pregnancy by reaching the sperm and fertilizing the egg.

Condoms also provide protection against STI, including HIV, and they are passed from one sexual partner to another. Condoms are used during tummy (vaginal or anal) and oral sex to prevent STI.

2.Joint Contraceptive Pill

Combined contraceptive pill, which is commonly referred to as a pill, contains synthetic (man-made) versions of female hormone estrogen and progesterone which naturally produce women in their ovaries.

The pill is usually taken to prevent pregnancy, but it can also be used for treatment:

  • Painful period

  • Heavy Duration

  • Prevalence

  • endometriosis

3.Progestogen Only Contraceptive Pill

Progestogen-only pellet does not contain any estrogen, it is an option for women who can not use joint contraceptive pill, such as those over 35 and smokers.

4.Contraceptive Implants and Injections

Contraceptive implants and injections are long-acting, effective, reversible and progestogen-only methods of contraception. They are more than 99% reliable in preventing pregnancy.

This means that more than 100 women who use implants or injections will be pregnant every year. Injection is given every 12 weeks and the transplantation lasts for 3 years.

5.Diaphragm and Cap

Prevention of contraceptives used by women and cap obstacles are they fit inside the vagina and prevent sperm from passing through the entrance gate of the womb.

6.Emergency Contraception

After having unprotected sex, a woman can use emergency contraception to prevent contraception, or if any method of contraception has failed.

There are two types of emergency contraception:

  • Emergency contraception pill (sometimes called morning-after pill)

  • Copper Intergoial Instrument (IUD) (see below).

7.Intrauterine Device (IUD) 

Intrauterine Device-IUD-Types of Contraceptive
Intrauterine Device-IUD-Types of Contraceptive

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped contraceptive device made of plastic and copper that fits inside the uterus (uterus).

The IUD was called the Kund or the Loop. It is a long-acting and reversible method of contraception, which can remain in the womb for 5-10 years depending on the type.

8.Intrauterine System (IUS) 

Intrauterine System(IUS)-Types of Contraceptive
Intrauterine System(IUS)-Types of Contraceptive

The intrauterine system (IUS) is similar to the intrauterine device (IUD), but it works in a slightly different way.

Instead of releasing copper like IUD, IUs releases progestogen hormone, which prevents pregnancy.

It remains for five years that there is a long acting, reversible method of contraception, it can also be used for heavy duration management.


Male sterilization or ‘male sterilization’ is a simple and reliable way of contraception.

This is usually considered permanent and therefore a big decision that should be discussed fully with your GP. A vasectomy is a quick and relatively painless surgical procedure.

This is usually done under local anesthetic.

10.Sterilization of the Stomach

Vasectomy is an effective form of contraception which prevents a woman from being able to get pregnant permanently.

Like sterilization, sterilization is a big decision that should be discussed with your GP completely.

Operation usually involves cutting or blocking Fallopian tubes, which take eggs from the egg to the womb (uterus).

It prevents eggs from reaching the sperm and they are fertilized. This is a minor operation and many women can return home the same day.

11.Vaginal Ring

The vagina ring is a small, soft plastic ring which is kept inside the vagina on the first day of any woman’s duration. It is removed after 21 days. After seven days a new ring is used.

The vaginal ring width is 4 mm and 5.5 centimeters. It contains estrogen and progestogene, so it is not suitable for women who can not take estrogen contraception.

12.Natural Family Planning

Natural family planning occurs when natural signs, such as body temperature, are used to identify a woman at least and most fertile during each menstrual cycle, to help prevent pregnancy or to plan.

Natural family planning is estimated to be about 75% effective – so 4 out of 4 women can use this contraceptive method, can still be pregnant.