Pregnancy Induced Hypertension and Pre-Eclampsia

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension and Pre-Eclampsia

During your pregnancy, your blood pressure will be examined on each pre-natal appointment.

The reason for this is that the increase in blood pressure can be the first sign of pre-eclampsia, which is often called ‘pregnancy induced hypertension’ (PIS) or ‘pre-alpapitic toxicemia’ (PET).

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

During your pregnancy, your blood pressure will be examined on each pre-natal appointment.

High blood pressure reaches 20% of Australian adult population, increasing circulation with age.

Due to the high blood pressure disorder of pregnancy, about 6% will be diagnosed, many women in the aging age have high blood pressure, and 10-12% of pregnancy affected by the level of high blood pressure will be diagnosed.

Your urine protein will also be examined on every trip, because it is also an indication of pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs at about the end of pregnancy after about 28 weeks, but earlier problems can occur, it may also occur after birth.

It is likely to be more serious when it first starts in pregnancy.

Although most cases of pre-eclampsia or pregnancy-induced hypertension are mild and there is no problem, the situation may worsen and can be serious for both the mother and the child.

It fits into the mother, which is called ‘eclampsia’, and affects the child’s development. If it is not treated, it is responsible for mother and child.

This is the reason why regular pregnancies are important for pregnancy-induced hypertension and protein in your urine.

Pre-eclipia usually occurs at the end of pregnancy after about 28 weeks.

Many women with high blood pressure can expect natural vaginal delivery after 37 weeks.

But if you have serious pre-eclampsia, it may be necessary to have your child deliver quickly, probably in the Caesarean section.

Initial Symptoms

Pregnant women with pre-eclampsia develop the following symptoms first:

  • High blood pressure (high blood pressure)

  • Proteinuria (proteins in urine)

You probably will not report these symptoms, but during your pre-regulation appointment, your doctor or midwife should choose them.

Progressive Symptoms

Due to the development of pre-eclampsia, it can cause fluid retention (edema), which often causes the sudden swelling of feet, ankles, faces and hands.

Adema is another common symptom of pregnancy, but it is in the lower parts of the body such as legs and ankles, it will gradually be ready during the day.

If swelling occurs suddenly, and this affects the face and hands in particular, it can be pre-eclampsia

Due to the progress of pre-eclampsia, the cause may be:

  • Severe headache

  • Visions of vision, such as staining or flashing lights

Upper abdominal pain (right below the ribs)

  • Vomiting

Increased weight due to fluid retention

  • Feeling generally unhealthy

Symptoms in Unborn Baby

The main sign of pre-eclampsia is growing at a slow pace in the newborn. This is due to the supply of bad blood through the tube to the child.

The growing child should get less oxygen and less nutrients, which can affect development. This is called ‘intra-uterine development restriction’, or ‘intra-uterine growth retardation’.

However, you can have serious pre-eclampsia without any symptoms. If you find any of the symptoms listed above, or if you think that you have pre-eclampsia, contact your midwife, doctor or hospital immediately.


Treatment can start at home comfortably, but some women require access to hospitals and medicines which reduce hypertension.

Occasionally, pre-eclampsia is one of the reasons for giving a child early – you may be offered a labor or caesarean section.

Managing Hypertension Through Pregnancy

It is important to go to all your pre-natal appointments or to reschedule them, if you can not make them, because serious pre-eclampsia can affect both your health and your child’s health.

If the treatment is not left, then it can risk you with stroke, impaired kidney and liver function, blood clotting problems, lungs and fluid on the tour.

Your child may also be born prematurely or even small or even born with birth.

Although the root cause of pre-eclampsia is not known, studies show that the risk is high when it is overweight, so it is a good idea to reach healthy weight before trying for a child.

Before you become pregnant, you have high blood pressure, or even if you have pre-eclampsia in the previous pregnancy, this is more common.

If this applies to you, it is important to take part in regular check-up